Description: In 1911 the child emperor Puyi of the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan (born in 1906) is the last Emperor of China and the final ruler of the Qing dynasty. The Railway Protection Movement is a protest movement which breaks out in 1911 against the Qing dynasty’s nationalization of railway development projects and its handover of power to foreign banks. The movement rallies anti-Qing protest groups and imperial troops from Hubei Province attempt to end the uprising. But revolutionaries in Wuhan, led by parts of the New Army, begin the Wuchang Uprising, which becomes a full-scale revolution. Provinces proclaim their opposition against the Qing leadership; garrisons are destroyed; a provisional government is established and Sun Yat-sen returns to China to become the provisional president. In February 1912, the child emperor Puyi abdicates the throne. The Chinese Revolution of 1911 marks the end of the Qing dynasty and leads to the establishment of the Republic of China (ROC). Included in this collection are: primary sources and published works from National Archives at Kew, letters, photographs, periodicals and maps.