Description: In 1920, at the San Remo conference, Syria and Lebanon are placed under a French mandate. Hashemite monarch King Faisal of Damascus and his supporters reject the French mandate over Syria, but Faisal ultimately surrenders and is expelled by the French. The French divide the mandate region into separate states, and in 1925 Sultan Pasha al-Atrash rallies a large portion of the population to fight against French rule. From 1925 to 1927 a rebellion in Syria and Lebanon is waged against the French. France sends troops to Syria and Lebanon, ultimately destroying much of Damascus with artillery fire and ending the revolt in 1927. Sultan Pasha al-Atrash escapes with rebels and goes into exile. This collection includes general correspondence from The National Archives; and articles, reports and podcasts.