Playlist:  Victor Jara and Nueva Cancion in Chile (Introduction to World Music: South America) by Jenna Makowski, Alexander Street Press

Victor Jara was a singer, song-writer, poet, activist and revolutionary in Chile. He was a crucial founder of the Nuevo Cancion folk protest song movement in the 1960s. After becoming involved in the Chilean coup in 1973, he was arrested and executed. The Nuevo Cancion movement centers on folk music roots with social protest perspectives, and has been associated with political revolutions in Chile, Argentina and other countries across South America.
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El Aparecido
performed by Julio César Barbosa; in Homenaje (RGS Music, 2000), 3 mins  
This track is one of Jara's more well-known compositions and is about Che Guevara's death. The recording is a tribute performance by Julio Cesar Barbosa. (Homenaje. RGS Music, 2000.)
26 Dec 2013
Victor Jara
performed by Grupo Raiz; in Grupo Raiz: Amaneceres (Monitor Records, 1981), 4 mins  
This song pays homage to the life and works of the Chilean poet and composer. The goals of the Chilean Ensemble Grupo Raiz are twofold: to make known the music and culture and the Latin American people, and to give support through their music to the resistance movement in Chile and to liberation movements in Latin America and throughout the world. (Grupo Raiz: Amaneceres. Liner Notes. Monitor Records, 1981.)
26 Dec 2013
Estadio Chile
produced by Jim Musselman; performed by Pete Seeger, 1919-2014; in Seeds: The Songs of Pete Seeger, Vol. 3 (Appleseed, 2003), 3 mins  
This track is Pete Seeger's version of Jara's song and poem Estadio Chile. He wrote the piece in the days preceding his death while he was detained during the military coup. (Seeds: The Songs of Pete Seeger, Vol. 3. Appleseed, 2003.)
26 Dec 2013
Cuando voy al trabajo (When I Go to Work)
in ¡Que Viva el Canto! Songs of Chile (Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, 2008), 3 mins  
Victor Jara wrote this song during the Allende presidency (1970-1973), a time of social transformation favoring the Chilean working class. It is a beautiful personal reflection in which a construction worker riding home on a bus imagines a conversation with his beloved wife. It is performed by Rafael Manriquez. (!Que Viva el Canto! Songs of Chile. Liner Notes. Smithsonian Folkways Recordings, 2008.)
26 Dec 2013
Chile: A History in Exile
directed by Cecilia Araneda; produced by Cecilia Araneda (New York, NY: Filmakers Library, 2000), 28 mins  
Watch! Cecilia Aranada returned to Chile years after her family had escaped the bloody Pinochet regime. Her own mother had been held and tortured in the Estadio Nacional, the infamous stadium from which many never emerged. She was shocked that in Chile today, many did not know of the horrors of the Pinochet regime. Instead, they attribute today's prosperity to progress under the dictator. Interviewing Chileans who escaped at that time, including one of Allende's guards, she records the powerful memories of those who were torn from their families, beaten, raped and subjected to electric shock. With deep emotion, they speak of the friends and relatives they lost. They recall the promise of the Allende regime, the first Marxist democracy in Latin America, where there seemed to be new opportunities for peasants and workers. On September 11, 1973 Allende was killed in a military coup and the reign of terror began. A generation has grown up in Chile with no knowledge of this history. But voices from exile provide irrefutable testimony.
26 Dec 2013
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