INVESTIGATION REPORT: Refinery Explosion and Fire

INVESTIGATION REPORT: Refinery Explosion and Fire

written by United States. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (2007) (District of Columbia: United States. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board, 2007, originally published 2007), 341 page(s)

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Abstract / Summary
On March 23, 2005, at 1:20 p.m., the BP Texas City Refinery suffered one of the worst industrial disasters in recent U.S. history. Explosions and fires killed 15 people and injured another 180, alarmed the community, and resulted in financial losses exceeding $1.5 billion. The incident occurred during the startup of an isomerization (ISOM) unit when a raffinate splitter tower was overfilled; pressure relief devices opened, resulting in a flammable liquid geyser from a blowdown stack that was not equipped with a flare. The release of flammables led to an explosion and fire. All of the fatalities occurred in or near office trailers located close to the blowdown drum. A shelter-in-place order was issued that required 43,000 people to remain indoors. Houses were damaged as far away as three-quarters of a mile from the refinery.
Field of Interest
Global Issues
Corporate Author
United States. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
Content Type
Government/institutional document
Format
Text
Original Publication Date
2007
Page Count
341
Publication Year
2007
Publisher
United States. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
Place Published / Released
District of Columbia
Subject
Global Issues, Engineering, Social Sciences, Science & Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Texas City Refinery Explosion (BP), Texas City Refinery Explosion (BP), Safety inspections, Chemical engineering, Petroleum, Fires, Petroleum engineering, Engineering, Engenharia Química, Ingeniería Química, BP
Keywords and Translated Subjects
Engenharia Química, Ingeniería Química

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