Description: The Iran-Contra Affair refers to a scandal in which the United States used money from prohibited arms sales to Iran to fund covert efforts to support guerrillas who sought to overthrow the Nicaraguan government. Part of this involved a belief that arms sales to Iran would encourage the release of American hostages being held at the American embassy in Tehran, Iran, in 1979, an event which prompted President Jimmy Carter to order an arms embargo on Iran. Shortly after taking office in 1981, President Ronald Reagan condemned the spread of communist revolutionary movements in Latin America. The Reagan administration aimed to overthrow the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front government of Nicaragua by providing military and financial support for the Contras of Honduras, anti-Sandinista guerrillas. After learning that the Central Intelligence Agency had implemented acts of sabotage against the Sandinistas without authorization from Congress, Congress passed the Boland Amendment in 1983, prohibiting the U.S. government from providing military support to be used for destabilizing the Nicaraguan government. Despite this, the Reagan administration continued to fund the Contra rebels with money made from arms sales to Iran, which it had explicitly discouraged other countries from doing so. These illegal activities were exposed in 1986, forcing the Reagan administration to admit to its covert operations in 1987. This collection uses case studies to contextualize U.S. support of the Contras in Honduras.