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Namesort ascending Description Founding year Works by Works about Works to
Young Women's Christian Association of the United States of America During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), named after a similar men’s organization, was organized largely by middle-class white women in cities around the nati... During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), named after a similar men’s organization, was organized largely by middle-class white women in cities around the nation who built Association boarding houses, training schools, and day nurseries to protect and provide services for single women in cities. In more recent decades the YWCA has continued a wide range of activities including shelter for women and children and support for women’s reproductive rights. Show more Show less 1858 18 257 57
World's Young Women's Christian Association The World Young Women’s Christian Association, or the World YWCA (WYWCA), began as a Christian organization focused on missionary goals. The Association held its first conference in London in 1898, bringing togeth... The World Young Women’s Christian Association, or the World YWCA (WYWCA), began as a Christian organization focused on missionary goals. The Association held its first conference in London in 1898, bringing together 326 participants from 17 countries. Jane Kinnaird and Emma Roberts, both of London, are considered its founders. In 1920 at Champèry, the organization redefined its purpose following the experiences of humanitarian relief during the First World War. As part of this transition, the World YWCA shifted its focus to peace efforts, like other international women’s organizations during this era. In addition to peace with justice, this organization takes on issues such as sexual and reproductive health, violence against women, women’s human rights, economic empowerment, and environmental sustainability. Materials in the archive include conference proceedings, institutional publications, and manuscript material from women active in the organization. Show more Show less 1890 47 203
World's Anti-Slavery Convention : London, England The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society brought abolitionist societies together for the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention held in London in June 1840. The convention sought to create an international movement a... The British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society brought abolitionist societies together for the World’s Anti-Slavery Convention held in London in June 1840. The convention sought to create an international movement against slavery, uniting abolitionist organizations in Britain, Europe and the United States. Convention delegates immediately confronted the issue of whether to seat American women chosen by their organizations as delegates. Lucretia Mott and Sarah Pugh were two of the six American women delegates who were denied seats at the convention. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, recently married to abolitionist Henry Stanton, attended the meeting as a non-delegate. Affronted by the refusal of the convention to accept women delegates, Mott and Stanton became friends and went on to organize the 1848 Seneca Falls (N.Y.) Convention that launched a series of women’s rights conventions, many of which were attended by British and European women. Materials in this digital archive related to the 1840 convention include Mott’s diary, Mott’s letters and extensive correspondence between Sarah Pugh and British abolitionists. Also included are selections from the convention proceedings, and the proceedings of the 1940 Woman's Centennial Congress that marked the 100-year anniversary of the London event. Show more Show less 1 92
World Woman's Party Alice Paul and the U.S. National Woman's Party established the World Woman's Party in 1938 to advance equal rights legislation for women at the international level, especially the Equal Rights Treaty. The WWP coordi... Alice Paul and the U.S. National Woman's Party established the World Woman's Party in 1938 to advance equal rights legislation for women at the international level, especially the Equal Rights Treaty. The WWP coordinated work with Equal Rights International (ERI) and other organizations with similar objectives. Women and Social Movements International includes manuscript materials from the National Woman's Party Records, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. Show more Show less 1938 10 16 1
World Woman's Christian Temperance Union The World’s Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WWCTU) was founded by Frances Willard in 1883 at the 10th annual WCTU Convention in Detroit, Michigan. The WWCTU’s first convention was held in 1891 in Boston, a... The World’s Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WWCTU) was founded by Frances Willard in 1883 at the 10th annual WCTU Convention in Detroit, Michigan. The WWCTU’s first convention was held in 1891 in Boston, and it united national groups that sought to remove alcohol and drugs (opium) from the world. Based in evangelical Christianity, the Union sent mission workers with an Anglo-American perspective to “foreign” places. As part of its interest in women’s issues, the WWCTU was a founding member of the International Council of Women, and it received status as a UN NGO in 1945. The organization’s 38th convention met in 2010. Materials include conference proceedings, institutional publications, and individual writings speaking to women’s experiences with the WWCTU. Show more Show less 1883 38 48
Women's Peace Congress/International Congress of Women :Hague, Netherlands Initiated by the Woman’s Peace Party (U.S.), the International Congress of Women at The Hague was chaired by Jane Addams. Over 1,000 women attended the Congress to protest World War I and work toward a mediated en... Initiated by the Woman’s Peace Party (U.S.), the International Congress of Women at The Hague was chaired by Jane Addams. Over 1,000 women attended the Congress to protest World War I and work toward a mediated end to the conflict. The Congress created the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace (ICWPP), which sponsored the 1919 Second International Congress of Women in Zurich and founded the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). WASMI includes the proceedings of the 1915 Hague and 1919 Zurich Congresses as well as related documents of those attending the meetings, including Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Aletta Jacobs, and Chrystal Macmillan. Show more Show less 1915 8
Women's National Indian Association 1879 1
Women's International Zionist Organization Founded in London in 1920, the Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO) was formed as part of the Zionist movement to establish a Jewish nation in Palestine. Women created this group separately as a way t... Founded in London in 1920, the Women’s International Zionist Organization (WIZO) was formed as part of the Zionist movement to establish a Jewish nation in Palestine. Women created this group separately as a way to focus their efforts on education and health and social services for women and children in Palestine. Today, the organization promotes women’s and children’s welfare in Israel. The most recent WIZO conference was held in 2008 and had the theme "Investing in People for Israel's Future." WIZO materials available in this database include: minutes from conferences, descriptions of women leaders of WIZO, and reports on WIZO activities. Show more Show less 1920 16 18
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom The Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) grew out of the International Congress of Women at The Hague, which brought together over 1,000 women in 1915 to work for a peaceful end to the war in... The Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) grew out of the International Congress of Women at The Hague, which brought together over 1,000 women in 1915 to work for a peaceful end to the war in Europe. Women who attended this first conference and whose writings are included in this digital archive include Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, Aletta Jacobs, and Chrystal Macmillan. Over the years, WILPF protested chemical and biological warfare, worked towards World Disarmament, and worked with both the League of Nations and the United Nations. Today, WILPF continues to work with the UN as an NGO as well as with national and local governments and promotes peace through non-violent means. WILPF-related materials in this digital archive include congress proceedings, correspondence between WILPF leaders, and reports about national peace and women’s movements. Show more Show less 1915 46 134
Women's International Democratic Federation The Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF) was founded in late 1945, at a Congress in Paris attended by more than 800 participants representing organizations from 40 countries. Anti-fascist in origin,... The Women’s International Democratic Federation (WIDF) was founded in late 1945, at a Congress in Paris attended by more than 800 participants representing organizations from 40 countries. Anti-fascist in origin, it sought to unite feminism and left politics and included many women who had been active in resistance movements during World War II. It received early consultative status with the United Nations, but Cold-War politics led to its exclusion from U.N. participation between 1954 and 1967. The WIDF was the originator of the call for International Women’s Year in 1975 and since its founding has promoted equal rights for women, self-determination and national independence, and the rights of children. It opposes all forms of violence including atomic weapons and has opposed U.S. imperial endeavors as well as colonialism more broadly. During the Cold War, the leading role of the Soviet Union in supporting the WIDF was used to discredit the feminism of the Federation, and the International Alliance of Women and the International Council of Women competed with the WIDF to attract support from the Global South. The materials in this digital archive include extensive conference proceedings and reports. Show more Show less 1945 31 21
Women on Waves http://www.womenonwaves.orgEstablished in 1999 by Dr. Rebecca Gomperts, Women on Waves (WoW) is a Dutch non-profit organization that provides pro-choice options for women in countries with restrictive abortion laws.... http://www.womenonwaves.orgEstablished in 1999 by Dr. Rebecca Gomperts, Women on Waves (WoW) is a Dutch non-profit organization that provides pro-choice options for women in countries with restrictive abortion laws. On board a ship, the WoW visits countries and allows women to make appointments before sailing into international waters to provide the medical services legally. Documents in Women and Social Movements International relate to several voyages taken by WoW in the 2000s. Show more Show less 1999 2 2
Women in Law and Development in Africa Women in Law and Development in Africa (WiLDAF) was founded in 1990 as a pan-African network to support legal strategies to increase the role of women in politics and in development in African nations. Its headquart... Women in Law and Development in Africa (WiLDAF) was founded in 1990 as a pan-African network to support legal strategies to increase the role of women in politics and in development in African nations. Its headquarters are in Harare, Zimbabwe, and it coordinates the work of groups in over 30 countries. Women and Social Movements International includes several documents related to WiLDAF. Show more Show less 1990 18
Woman's Peace Party Founded in January 1915, after the outbreak of World War I, the Woman's Peace Party worked to control armaments and called for a mediated settlement to the war. Members traveled to The Hague in 1915 to meet with wom... Founded in January 1915, after the outbreak of World War I, the Woman's Peace Party worked to control armaments and called for a mediated settlement to the war. Members traveled to The Hague in 1915 to meet with women peace supporters from European nations (see the document project, "How Did Women Activists Promote Peace in Their 1915 Tour of Warring European Capitals?" also on this website). At the conclusion of the war, Woman's Peace Party members traveled to an international conference in Zurich to protest the punitive stance of the Versailles Treaty toward defeated Germany. The conference led to the formation of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (see below) and the Woman's Peace Party became the American Section of WILPF. Show more Show less 1915 9 10
Woman's Christian Temperance Union Founded in 1873, the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union quickly became the largest voluntary association in the United States. Working closely with the much-smaller woman suffrage movement, the WCTU endorsed woman... Founded in 1873, the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union quickly became the largest voluntary association in the United States. Working closely with the much-smaller woman suffrage movement, the WCTU endorsed woman suffrage in 1881, by which time it had become the most important vehicle for women’s participation in public life. Key to the WCTU’s prominence was Frances Willard’s leadership and her "Do Everything" policy, which enabled the Union to support a wide range of reform activities other than temperance, including prison reform, child welfare, women's employment, work among African Americans, public health, and woman suffrage. Show more Show less 1873 3 42
United States. Women's Bureau The United States government created the Women's Bureau within the Department of Labor in 1920. While the Women's Bureau is concerned mostly with domestic issues, Women and Social Movements International includes do... The United States government created the Women's Bureau within the Department of Labor in 1920. While the Women's Bureau is concerned mostly with domestic issues, Women and Social Movements International includes documents published by the Women's Bureau regarding transnational and international aspects of women and policy, particularly material that engages discussions of the Western Hemisphere. Show more Show less 1920 6
United Nations. World Conference of the Decade for Women : Copenhagen, Denmark, 1980 The United Nations held the second World Conference on Women in 1980 at Copenhagen, known formally as the World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women. Held five years after Mexico City, the Copenhagen co... The United Nations held the second World Conference on Women in 1980 at Copenhagen, known formally as the World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women. Held five years after Mexico City, the Copenhagen conference was designed to assess the 1975 Plan of Action and to adjust it as needed. The Copenhagen conference assessed the main themes of Mexico City (equality, development, and peace), while identifying key subthemes as important components of the Decade for Women: employment, health, and education. Women and Social Movements International includes numerous published documents and a slideshow prepared after the conference by the International Women's Tribune Centre. Show more Show less 1980 2 139
United Nations. General Assembly The United Nations (UN) was established following World War II to replace the League of Nations as the global intergovernmental body in an effort to ensure peace, to prevent another world war, and to create a forum... The United Nations (UN) was established following World War II to replace the League of Nations as the global intergovernmental body in an effort to ensure peace, to prevent another world war, and to create a forum for international diplomacy. Show more Show less 1945 18 41
United Nations. Decade for Women The 1975 World Conference of Women held in Mexico City recommended that the years 1976-1985 be recognized as a Decade for Women, addressing action items related to the needs and status of women as well as the relate... The 1975 World Conference of Women held in Mexico City recommended that the years 1976-1985 be recognized as a Decade for Women, addressing action items related to the needs and status of women as well as the related themes of equality, peace, and development. World Conferences of Women were held in 1980 in Copenhagen as well as in 1985 in Nairobi to assess progress and make further recommendations on strategies for the advancement of women. Women and Social Movements International includes material from the Decade and from the three World Conferences of Women held in this period. It highlights official documents and reports as well as material from nongovernmental organizations and individuals participating in Decade activities. A good proportion of related material comes from the Mildred A. Persinger collection at Hollins University. Show more Show less 1976 11 50
United Nations. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women The United Nations established the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women in 1982 as a body of experts on global women's issues. The Committee analyzes the progress of women within nation state... The United Nations established the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women in 1982 as a body of experts on global women's issues. The Committee analyzes the progress of women within nation states that ratified the 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. Women and Social Movements International includes official reports related to both the Convention and the Committee. Show more Show less 1982 4 35
United Nations. Commission on the Status of Women The UN Commission on the Status of Women (UNCSW) was created by the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1946 to provide recommendations and reports to the Council regarding the interests of women. It is desig... The UN Commission on the Status of Women (UNCSW) was created by the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1946 to provide recommendations and reports to the Council regarding the interests of women. It is designed to promote equality among women and men as well as address women's rights in political, social, civil, economic, and educational fields. The UNCSW functions to determine the priority theme of concern annually and makes recommendations to be implemented at international, national, regional, and local levels of governments and society. Women and Social Movements International includes a complete run of reports from the UNCSW sessions as well as material relating to the World Conferences on Women and the UN Decade for Women (UNDW). The 54th session of the UNCSW took place in March 2011. Show more Show less 1946 105 193
United Nations. Commission on Human Rights The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was created as a UN body in 1946. In 2006, the UN General Assembly replaced the Commission with the Human Rights Council (UNHRC). Women and Social Movements Inte... The United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was created as a UN body in 1946. In 2006, the UN General Assembly replaced the Commission with the Human Rights Council (UNHRC). Women and Social Movements International holds documents of the UNCHR that address questions of women's rights as human rights, including related material from the UN World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna (1993). Show more Show less 1946 3 12
United Nations World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women, 4th : 1995 : Beijing, China The United Nations held the Fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and Peace in Beijing, China, in 1995. The main themes of the conference included women and poverty, education and traini... The United Nations held the Fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and Peace in Beijing, China, in 1995. The main themes of the conference included women and poverty, education and training of women, women and health, violence against women, women and armed conflict, women and the economy, women and decision-making, institutional gender mainstreaming, women and the media, women and the environment, and the girl-child. Most importantly, perhaps, the Beijing conference urged that the human rights of women and the girls be considered integral to universal human rights. This digital archive includes the Beijing Declaration and the Beijing Platform for Action, as well as selected country reports and reports of NGOs regarding progress on the status and advancement of women. Also included are the five-year reviews of the Declaration and Platform: Beijing +5, Beijing +10, and Beijing +15. Show more Show less 1995 118
United Nations World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women, 3rd : Nairobi : 1985 The United Nations held the third World Conference on Women in 1985 at Nairobi. The UN published the report from the conference: Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women to the Year 2000. 1985 68
United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, 2nd, Vienna, 14-25 June 1993 During June 1993, the United Nations held the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria. The Conference reaffirmed the commitment to the 1948 Declaration of Human Rights and passed both the Vienna Declarat... During June 1993, the United Nations held the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria. The Conference reaffirmed the commitment to the 1948 Declaration of Human Rights and passed both the Vienna Declaration and the Programme of Action as means of strengthening efforts to protect human rights globally. Show more Show less 10
United Nations Development Fund for Women UNIFEM was established in 1976, and it supports financially and with technical assistanceactivities that promote gender equality and that work to end discrimination and violence againstwomen. 1976 3 3

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