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Namesort descending Description Founding year Works by Works about Works to
International Alliance of Women The International Alliance of Women (IAW) began as the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA), which was founded formally in Berlin in 1904 to promote woman suffrage more vigorously than was possible within th... The International Alliance of Women (IAW) began as the International Woman Suffrage Alliance (IWSA), which was founded formally in Berlin in 1904 to promote woman suffrage more vigorously than was possible within the International Council of Women. After 1920, as women in more nations secured the vote, leaders of the IWSA saw a need to broaden the Alliance’s aims, a change reflected in the adoption of a new name, the International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship (IAWSEC) in 1926. After 1929, the Alliance shifted its focus from suffrage and lobbied the League of Nations and, later, the United Nations on behalf of peace and women’s rights. The declining need to lobby for woman suffrage resulted in the Alliance’s final name change in 1946 to International Alliance of Women—Equal Rights— Equal Responsibilities. The Alliance has held 34 international congresses, including a meeting in South Africa in 2010. Materials in the digital archive include congress proceedings, organizational publications, reports of activities, and publications of individuals active in the organization. Show more Show less 1904 53 81
International Birth Control Congresses The International Neo-Malthusian Federation was formed in 1900, holding its first conference in Paris. Women and Social Movements International includes material from the fifth, sixth and seventh International Neo-M... The International Neo-Malthusian Federation was formed in 1900, holding its first conference in Paris. Women and Social Movements International includes material from the fifth, sixth and seventh International Neo-Malthusian and Birth Control Conferences with special attention to the involvement of Margaret Sanger. Show more Show less 1900
International Co-operative Women's Guild The Women's Co-operative Guild, a British organization supporting efforts to promote women's political status and the rights of women workers, founded the International Co-operative Women's Guild (ICWG) in 1921. Aus... The Women's Co-operative Guild, a British organization supporting efforts to promote women's political status and the rights of women workers, founded the International Co-operative Women's Guild (ICWG) in 1921. Austrian democratic socialist Emmy Freundlich served as President and Alice Honora Enfield as Secretary. The ICWG merged into the International Co-operative Alliance in 1963. Show more Show less 1921 2 4
International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace The International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace grew out of the April 1915 International Congress of Women held in The Hague, Netherlands, to discuss ways to end World War I and achieve world peace. In 1919... The International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace grew out of the April 1915 International Congress of Women held in The Hague, Netherlands, to discuss ways to end World War I and achieve world peace. In 1919 the International Committee renamed itself the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. Show more Show less 1915 2
International Congress of Women at The Hague, 1915 1915 5
International Council of Jewish Women The International Council of Jewish Women (ICJW) was founded in 1912. Its current goals include: promotion of human rights, strengthening the relationships among Jewish women, and working to improve social welfare.... The International Council of Jewish Women (ICJW) was founded in 1912. Its current goals include: promotion of human rights, strengthening the relationships among Jewish women, and working to improve social welfare. The ICJW held its first international convention in Paris in 1949, and its most recent in Cape Town, South Africa in May 2010. This digital archive contains the proceedings from the first twelve conferences as well as reports written by women who attended those conferences and women’s conferences hosted by the United Nations. Show more Show less 1912 27 39
International Council of Women The International Council of Women (ICW) was founded in 1888 under the leadership of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony at the National Woman Suffrage Association meeting in Washington, D.C., marking the fo... The International Council of Women (ICW) was founded in 1888 under the leadership of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony at the National Woman Suffrage Association meeting in Washington, D.C., marking the fortieth anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, which endorsed woman suffrage. The ICW held its first congress at the Chicago World’s Fair in 1893. The Council united national organizations with a membership of 4-5 million women in 1907 and 36 million in 1925. The ICW focused on club interests in its early years with themes such as Christianity, philanthropy, social reform, art, music, literature, and education. The ICW was arguably the most conservative of the major women’s international organizations. Nevertheless, the organization expanded its agenda to include disarmament, suffrage, trafficking in women and children, working conditions, health, and immigration. It lobbied both the League of Nations and the United Nations on behalf of women’s issues. Its example helped spur other women’s international organizations to action, sometimes in opposition to positions of the ICW. The ICW has held 25 international conferences, including its most recent meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 2009. Materials in this digital archive include the organization’s proceedings, as well as institutional publications and writings of members. The archive also includes manuscript material from the ICW collection at the Library of Congress and the May Wright Sewall collection at the Clarke Library, Central Michigan University. Show more Show less 1888 108 208
International Council of Women of the Darker Races In 1922 African American educator and club-woman Margaret Murray Washington of Tuskegee Institute founded the International Council of Women of the Darker Races. The organization dedicated itself to studying the sta... In 1922 African American educator and club-woman Margaret Murray Washington of Tuskegee Institute founded the International Council of Women of the Darker Races. The organization dedicated itself to studying the status of women and children of color around the world, but primarily focused on women of the African diaspora. The group was small and elite throughout its history. Membership peaked at about 40. Members included such prominent activists as Addie Hunton, Mary McLeod Bethune, Addie Dickerson, Nannie Helen Burroughs, and Maggie L. Walker. Most members hailed from the United States, though there were a few members from Africa and the Caribbean. The ICWDR took an active interest in the women’s peace movement throughout most of its history. In 1924 they helped fund a girls’ school in Sierra Leone. The ICWDR also took an active interest in U.S. involvement in Haiti and Ethiopia in the 1920s and 1930s. Washington, Hunton, and Dickerson served terms as the organization’s presidents. The ICWDR did not maintain a central office and thus did not leave a substantial archive documenting its history. The database draws together documents from the personal papers of several active members and a few newspapers. Most of the materials consist of correspondence. Also included are a constitution, some meeting minutes, and a report of one of the group’s early meetings. Show more Show less 1920 1 10
International Federation of Business and Professional Women In 1928, Lena Madesin Phillips, president of the (U.S.) National Federation of Business and Professional Women, organized the travels of a group of U.S. women to Europe, which resulted in the formation of the Intern... In 1928, Lena Madesin Phillips, president of the (U.S.) National Federation of Business and Professional Women, organized the travels of a group of U.S. women to Europe, which resulted in the formation of the International Federation of Business and Professional Wom en (IFBPW) in 1930 with Phillips serving as President. The Federation held its first conference in Richmond, Virginia, in 1931. The organization focuses on the economic interests of women, aiming to develop women\'s professional and leadership skills. The IFBPW seeks to empower women economically in helping with workforce entry/re-entry, with running successful businesses, by protecting rights of women workers, and by creating support networks for women. Business and Professional Women International is the new name for the IFBPW as it operates in the twenty-first century. The materials in this digital archive include the proceedings of IFBPW international conferences, institutional documents, and manuscript materials from the papers of Lena Madesin Phillips. Show more Show less 1930 35 50 2
International Federation of University Women The International Federation of University Women (IFUW) was founded in 1919, as an organization of college-trained women to promote peace and prevent future war. The IFUW held its first conference in 1920 in London... The International Federation of University Women (IFUW) was founded in 1919, as an organization of college-trained women to promote peace and prevent future war. The IFUW held its first conference in 1920 in London and met most recently in August 2010 in Mexico City. In 2010, the organization included 67 national affiliates. The IFUW aims to develop the education of women and girls by focusing on girls’ primary education, women’s adult literacy, women’s access to higher education, and leadership opportunities for women. The materials in this digital archive include the conference reports of the IFUW, institutional publications, works by IFUW members, and extensive primary materials from the IFUW collection at the Aletta Institute in Amsterdam. Show more Show less 1919 47 134
International Federation of Working Women The International Federation of Working Women (IFWW) was established at the International Congress of Working Women in 1919. Margaret Dreier Robins of the National Women’s Trade Union League (US) called the first... The International Federation of Working Women (IFWW) was established at the International Congress of Working Women in 1919. Margaret Dreier Robins of the National Women’s Trade Union League (US) called the first congress and served as president. The first congress was held in Washington, D.C., the second in Geneva (1921), and the third in Vienna (1923). The IFWW aimed not only to organize for the rights of working women, but also to promote international peace. Key goals included the eight-hour day and 44-hour week, regulation of child labor and night work, maternity and unemployment insurance, safer working conditions, rights of migrants, as well as the hiring of women by the International Labor Office and labor departments. Materials in this digital archive include publications of the Congresses and selected manuscripts from the Sophia Smith Collection and the Schlesinger Library. Show more Show less 1919 20 24
International Labor Organization Since 1919, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has worked for social justice for workers. Founded in the wake of World War I, the ILO has operated on the understanding of the interconnection of the issues o... Since 1919, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has worked for social justice for workers. Founded in the wake of World War I, the ILO has operated on the understanding of the interconnection of the issues of economic justice and international peace. The rights of women workers have been an important part of the agenda since the first International Labour Conference held in Washington, D.C. in October 1919, where maternity protection and night work for women figured prominently. Today, gender equality at work is included as one of the ILO’s central goals. ILO-related materials in this archive include addresses by Frances Perkins, studies on women’s labor, and discussions of women’s work at ILO conferences. Show more Show less 1919 21 63 1
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union Founded in 1900, the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) initially represented a largely immigrant workforce. The ILGWU and the women within the union gained significant strength during the 1909 shirt... Founded in 1900, the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) initially represented a largely immigrant workforce. The ILGWU and the women within the union gained significant strength during the 1909 shirtwaist strike. Throughout its history the ILGWU was a dominant force in the American labor movement with branches around the country. The Union became part of the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE) in 1995. Show more Show less 1900 1
International Planned Parenthood Federation The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) was founded in 1952 at the Third Conference on Planned Parenthood held in Bombay, India. Margaret Sanger for the United States, Elise Ottesen-Jensen from Sweden... The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) was founded in 1952 at the Third Conference on Planned Parenthood held in Bombay, India. Margaret Sanger for the United States, Elise Ottesen-Jensen from Sweden, and Dhanvanthi Rama Rau from India were founding members of the IPPF, who had previously been active in the international birth control movement. Today, the IPPF continues to provide family planning and reproductive health services in over 170 countries. Materials about and by the IPPF included in the digital archive include papers presented at its international conferences, studies of abortion laws, and evaluations of family planning programs. Show more Show less 1952 38 42
International Tribunal on Crimes Against Women 1
International Women's Rights Action Watch The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) was founded at the 1985 UN World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women, Nairobi. The IWRAW addresses equality... The International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) was founded at the 1985 UN World Conference to Review and Appraise the Achievements of the United Nations Decade for Women, Nairobi. The IWRAW addresses equality among women and men by defending and establishing international human rights for women and girls. Women and Social Movements International includes documents authored and published by IWRAW. Show more Show less 1985 52 66
International Women's Tribune Centre In 1976, the International Women's Tribune Centre (IWTC) was founded, following the UN World Conference of the International Women's Year in Mexico City (1975). The IWTC acts as a communication network for women act... In 1976, the International Women's Tribune Centre (IWTC) was founded, following the UN World Conference of the International Women's Year in Mexico City (1975). The IWTC acts as a communication network for women activists, facilitating the exchange of information, publications, and other resources among women in an effort to change global policies. Women and Social Movements International provides examples of publications distributed by the IWTC and slideshows prepared by the Centre to publicize the three of the four UN World conferences of Women held between 1975 and 1995. Show more Show less 1976 67 91
International Women's Year Conference : Mexico City, Mexico In June 1975, some 1,300 individuals gathered in Mexico City not only to celebrate the UN International Women’s Year but also to discuss the status of women throughout the world. The United Nations published the W... In June 1975, some 1,300 individuals gathered in Mexico City not only to celebrate the UN International Women’s Year but also to discuss the status of women throughout the world. The United Nations published the World Plan of Action, a report developed by the Conference to address gender inequality, the place of women in development, and the importance of world peace in securing human rights and women’s full equality with men. The Plan provided guidelines for the ten-year period 1976-1985, resolved by the UN to be observed as the Decade for Women. Show more Show less 1975 4 100
Jewish Association for the Protection of Girls and Women Constance Rothschild Battersea founded the Jewish Association for the Protection of Girls and Women (JAPGAW) in 1885. The main concern of the organization was trafficking in women and children. Women and Social Move... Constance Rothschild Battersea founded the Jewish Association for the Protection of Girls and Women (JAPGAW) in 1885. The main concern of the organization was trafficking in women and children. Women and Social Movements International includes several reports from the group. Show more Show less 1885 3 3
Josephine Butler Society The Association for Moral and Social Hygiene (AMSH) carried out the work of Josephine Butler (1828-1906), who organized to end state regulation of prostitution and the stigmatization of prostitutes. The AMSH was a B... The Association for Moral and Social Hygiene (AMSH) carried out the work of Josephine Butler (1828-1906), who organized to end state regulation of prostitution and the stigmatization of prostitutes. The AMSH was a British affiliate of the International Abolitionist Federation (IAF). In 1962, the AMSH merged into the Josephine Butler Society. Women and Social Movements International includes material related to the group's work on international prostitution and trafficking issues. Show more Show less 1915 1 1
League of Nations The League of Nations (LN) was founded as an intergovernmental organization in 1919, under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. The League also ad... The League of Nations (LN) was founded as an intergovernmental organization in 1919, under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles to promote the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. The League also addressed social questions regarding women, especially traffic in women and children. Selected trafficking reports are included in this digital archive. Additionally, this archive contains reports on women’s nationality and the status of women, two areas of concern brought to the League by the Liaison Committee of Women’s International Organizations (LCWIO) in the 1930s. The United States never ratified the Versailles Treaty and was not a member of the League. Germany withdrew from the League rather than abide by its principles. Unable to prevent the outbreak of World War II, the League continued to operate on a reduced scale during the war but voted to disband in April 1946 after the founding of the United Nations. Show more Show less 1919 67 136 1
Liasion Committee of Women's International Organizations The Liaison Committee of Women's International Organizations (LCWIO) cooperated with international women's organizations to promote women's influence in the League of Nations and in international affairs more broadl... The Liaison Committee of Women's International Organizations (LCWIO) cooperated with international women's organizations to promote women's influence in the League of Nations and in international affairs more broadly. The LCWIO was founded in 1925 with the name Joint Standing Committee of Women's International Organisations, which identified women experts and suggested their appointment to League of Nations committees. The Joint Standing Committee changed its name in 1934 when it merged with the Liaison Committee of Women's International Organizations. In addition to promoting women's appointments to the League of Nations, the LCWIO pressured the League to study the status of women. Materials in Women and Social Movements International include a study of women in the postwar world, manuscript minutes of a substantial number of the Committee's meetings between 1925 and 1950, and reports from a number of seminars and open meetings held in the 1960s. Show more Show less 35 33
MADRE In 1983, following an invitation from Nicaraguan women, a group of United States women witnessed the U.S.-sponsored violence in Nicaragua. The U.S. group formed MADRE as an organization run by women, informed in int... In 1983, following an invitation from Nicaraguan women, a group of United States women witnessed the U.S.-sponsored violence in Nicaragua. The U.S. group formed MADRE as an organization run by women, informed in international human rights issues, and dedicated to exposing unjust aspects of U.S. foreign policy. MADRE aligns with sister organizations globally to create programs and influence policy internationally. Women and Social Movements International includes a sampling of MADRE publications. Show more Show less 1983 5 4
Medical Women's International Association Founded in 1919 at a congress held in New York, the Medical Women's International Association (MWIA) represents women doctors from around the globe as a non-political, non-sectarian, and non-profit nongovernmental o... Founded in 1919 at a congress held in New York, the Medical Women's International Association (MWIA) represents women doctors from around the globe as a non-political, non-sectarian, and non-profit nongovernmental organization (NGO). The first president was Dr. Esther P. Lovejoy. Today, the MWIA works with United Nations bodies, such as the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Women and Social Movements International features documents about Lovejoy, the MWIA, and selected congresses. Show more Show less 1919 6 3
National American Woman Suffrage Association In 1890 the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, joined Lucy Stone’s American Woman’s Suffrage Association (AWSA) to form the National American Woman Su... In 1890 the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, joined Lucy Stone’s American Woman’s Suffrage Association (AWSA) to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). The suffrage movement had split in 1869 over the issue of black male suffrage in the Fifteenth Amendment. From 1890 to 1920 when woman suffrage was finally added to the U.S. Constitution, NAWSA was the dominant national suffrage organization. Show more Show less 1890 2 5

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