Browse Social Movements

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Name Description Founding year Related works
General Federation of Women's Clubs Founded in 1890 by Jane Cunningham Croly, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs became one of the largest women’s organizations in the country. As President in the 1890s, Ellen Herotin developed the Federation... Founded in 1890 by Jane Cunningham Croly, the General Federation of Women’s Clubs became one of the largest women’s organizations in the country. As President in the 1890s, Ellen Herotin developed the Federation’s political and social interests. Members worked for a variety of social reforms that would benefit women and children. In 1955 membership peaked at 830,000. The Federation continues to be a significant voluntary organization today. Show more Show less 1890 22
Guerrilla Girls A group of women artists whose membership remains anonymous, the Guerrilla Girls grew out of the women’s art movement of the 1970s. In April 1985 the Guerrilla Girls began displaying posters that scolded art galle... A group of women artists whose membership remains anonymous, the Guerrilla Girls grew out of the women’s art movement of the 1970s. In April 1985 the Guerrilla Girls began displaying posters that scolded art galleries, museums and critics for ignoring women artists and artists of color. Styling themselves as the gendered conscience of the art world the highly successful Guerrilla Girls presented themselves to the public in a unique way using gorilla masks, expressing their ideas clearly on black and white posters that listed the hard facts of sexism and racism in the art world, and used humor to show that feminists can be funny. Show more Show less 1985 1