Browse Social Movements

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Name Description Founding year Related works
Kindergarten Movement The Kindergarten Movement in the United States emerged in the 1860s, influenced by the kindergarten movement in Germany. Developed initially among German immigrants, the movement in the United States advocated chil... The Kindergarten Movement in the United States emerged in the 1860s, influenced by the kindergarten movement in Germany. Developed initially among German immigrants, the movement in the United States advocated child-centered learning and guided play. Coinciding with industrialization and a wave of reform movements (from temperance to woman suffrage and dress reform), many women were drawn to the kindergarten movement by religious or ethical convictions. In the early twentieth century, urban kindergartens often aimed to help poor families by Americanizing immigrant children. Show more Show less 1848 1