Browse Social Movements

Displaying 1 - 3 of 3
Name Description Founding year Related works
Massachusetts Federation of Women's Clubs The Massachusetts state affiliate of the General Federation of Women's Clubs (see above) provided a state federation for women's clubs offering social, literary and reform activities for women under the overall umbr... The Massachusetts state affiliate of the General Federation of Women's Clubs (see above) provided a state federation for women's clubs offering social, literary and reform activities for women under the overall umbrella of the General Federation. Its first president was Julia Ward Howe, suffragist and founder of the New England Women's Club in 1868. Show more Show less 1893 5
Massachusetts Public Interests League The Massachusetts Public Interests League (MPIL) campaigned against woman suffrage in 1915 and later attacked women’s organizations during the so-called Red Scare. In 1925, membership was said to extend to 118 cit... The Massachusetts Public Interests League (MPIL) campaigned against woman suffrage in 1915 and later attacked women’s organizations during the so-called Red Scare. In 1925, membership was said to extend to 118 cities, 20 states and the District of Columbia. Margaret Robinson was a longstanding president. Show more Show less 1915 1
Movement to End Violence Against Women From the 1960s onward, women’s groups protested violence women suffered at the hands of men and the lack of protection offered to women victims by police and the legal system. Alongside providing shelters for batt... From the 1960s onward, women’s groups protested violence women suffered at the hands of men and the lack of protection offered to women victims by police and the legal system. Alongside providing shelters for battered women, women publicized the issue of violence, holding national conferences, and demanding legislative protections and reforms. As a result of this movement, in 1994 Congress enacted the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), which responded to the inadequacies of state justice systems in dealing with violent crimes against women. Show more Show less 1960 1