Published by Alexander Street Press and the
Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender, SUNY Binghamton
In This Issue
This first issue of 2010 contains the full range of resources that we publish—-two new document projects, an update to a document project, a document archive, book reviews, full-text sources, and News from the Archives. And for those accessing the Scholar's Edition, we have a secondary essay relating to our database of publications of State and Local Commissions on the Status of Women.
The first document project explores the reform activism of a Connecticut feminist, Florence Kitchelt, who strove to bring together social feminists and equal rights feminists in an era when they were otherwise divided by attitudes toward the proposed Equal Rights Amendment. Danelle Moon and Kathryn Kish Sklar show how Florence Kitchelt tried to break the deadlock over the ERA and create a new template for broadening support for the ERA in the years immediately following World War II. The second document project, authored by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel, illuminates northern white women's activism in the conflict of Bleeding Kansas during the growing sectional conflict in the leadup to the Civil War. The documents collected here demonstrate how Bleeding Kansas energized abolitionist women who provided crucial material and rhetorical support to the Free State movement and thus to the larger antislavery cause in the pivotal decade of the 1850s.
Since the original publication of the document project, How Did the Views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois toward Woman Suffrage Change, 1900-1915? , in 1998, we have come across additional articles and editorials in The Crisis that illuminate W.E.B. Du Bois's critical support of the woman suffrage cause. In this issue we reprint six documents that enrich the analysis offered in that project. Also related to the campaign for woman suffrage, the National Citizen and Ballot Box helped to nationalize the suffrage cause in the late 1870s and early 1880s. We reprint the surviving five-year run of the newspaper, published in Toledo and Syracuse and edited part of the time by Matilda Joslyn Gage, with an introduction by Gaylynn Welch that examines its context and significance for readers today.
Eight book and website reviews complement the original scholarship of this issue, and we take a moment to introduce our new book review editor, Jeanne Petit, and thank our outgoing editor, Carol Faulkner, for her service to WASM. If you are interested in writing a review for the journal, we'd appreciate your contacting Jeanne Petit at petit hope.edu as we are working to increase the number of potential reviewers we can contact.
Our full-text sources in this issue include a variety of publications related to the struggle for woman suffrage. We begin with the three-volume edition, The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony , edited by Ida Husted Harper and published between 1898 and 1908. We publish as well Banner Bearers: Tales of the Suffrage Campaign , the 1920 work written by Oreola Williams Haskell, and the 1871 autobiography, Hit , by the noted dress reformer, woman's rights advocate, and Civil War army nurse and surgeon, Mary Edwards Walker.
The last major component of the current issue (available through libraries that subscribe to the Scholar's Edition) is an essay by the noted women's historian, Gerda Lerner, "Midwestern Leaders of the Modern Women's Movement," based on interviews of women activists conducted in the early 1990s. Almost half of the women, 10 of 22, were active in Commissions on the Status of Women, and many were founders of the National Organization for Women. Readers will be able to find much more about this cohort of Midwestern feminist activists tracing their names with the Browse People facility of the web site.
We also publish at this time our regular feature, News from the Archives, providing news about collections and projects of interest from archives and repositories. If you are affiliated with an archive or repository and would like to submit an announcement that you feel would be of interest to our readers, please contact the editor of the new section, Tanya Zanish-Belcher , Associate Professor and Head of the Special Collections Department and University Archives at Iowa State University.
As we publish this issue, we continue the work of preparing a second, major online digital archive, entitled "Women and Social Movements, International, 1840-Present." We anticipate beginning publication of this new archive in October 2010 and it should reach its completed size of 150,000 pages by early 2013. It will offer both published and manuscript materials addressing women's participation in international conferences and organizations over a period of a 170 years, from missionary and abolition activities in the first half of the nineteenth century to women's NGO activism in the twenty-first century. We have also commissioned about thirty secondary articles by scholars working in fields covered by the archive that will place the primary materials within a broader interpretive context and offer suggestions on how best to make use of these online resources. We look forward to learning of your reactions to this next major addition to the web site.